About his holiness The 14th dalai lama
His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, is the spiritual leader of the Tibetan people. He was born on 6 July 1935, in a small village called Takster in north-eastern Tibet. At the age of two, he was recognised as the incarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso, and began his monastic education when he was six. His Holiness was called upon to assume full political power at the age of 15.
In 1949 China invaded Tibet. Finally, in 1959, with the brutal suppression by Chinese troops of the Tibetan national uprising in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, His Holiness was forced to escape to India and live in exile. Since then, he has been living in Dharamsala in northern India, which is now the seat of the Central Tibetan Administration.
His Holiness has continued to work tirelessly for Tibet and has consistently advocated the Middle Way Policy in resolving the Tibetan issue, whereby Tibetans are seeking genuine autonomy within the framework of the People's Republic of China.
His Holiness was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989 in recognition of his opposition to the use of violence in the Tibetan struggle, and his international work for peace, human rights issues and global environmental problems. In September 2006, he received the highest civilian honour in the United States, the Congressional Gold Medal, as an acknowledgement of his advocacy of non-violence, human rights and religious understanding. More recently in May 2012, he was awarded the Templeton Prize.
In 2011, His Holiness completed the process of democratisation of the Central Tibetan Administration by devolving all his political authorities to the elected leadership.
Now in his seventies, His Holiness continues to accept invitations to teach and speak around the world. He is respected as a spokesman for the peaceful and compassionate resolution of human conflict, and as a true spiritual teacher whose warmth, compassion and wisdom touch the hearts of all he meets.
His Holiness has visited Australia regularly over the last thirty years. His last Australian Tour was in 2011 and presented by Dalai Lama in Australia.